Third Party Litigation Funding (TPLF) and / or After the Event Insurance (ATE)

Litigation funding is where a third party provides all or part of the financing resources to enable costly litigation or arbitration cases to proceed. It is ‘non-recourse’, not a loan, which means the funder is only repaid if the case is successful.

Funding comes from a variety of sources: international funders or smaller funders, hedge funds or private equity funds.

What do you need to consider when applying for Third Party Litigation Funding (TPLF)

Repayment terms: The first important consideration is how and when the funding charges and/or ATE premium will be repaid and over what period. Usually if a case is unsuccessful the insured pays no charges. Fees are payable only when there’s a successful outcome.

Evidence-backed, justifiable case: There must be clear evidence of what rules, regulations or laws have been breached.

Counsel and expert opinion: You will need a respected Counsel’s opinion on defendant liability, the quantum of the claim and, if consequential losses are involved, the causes. Any jurisdictional or limitation issues should be addressed.

Full information: At least a draft Letter of Claim and, if relevant to the case, an expert report.

Clarity on how funding and ATE insurance will be used: Funding is usually requested for own disbursements and own solicitor/counsel fees (that part not covered by a CFA). We would look to fund fees not on a CFA, plus own disbursements and protect all adverse costs via ATE insurance. Some law firms may be unable or unwilling to conduct the case on a full CFA or to fund disbursements if the claimant can’t. This enables them to draw down on funding to cover own base costs.

How long does it take third party funders to reach a decision?

An offer of funding enhances the chances of obtaining ATE cover and vice versa. You should apply for both and allow 4-6 weeks minimum from that date before a decision is reached. Complex submissions, or submissions where information is incomplete, can take longer.

What are the costs of funding

Costs are usually negotiated on a case by case basis. The funder and/or insurer will assess:

  • The percentage risk factor (defined by the prospects of success) against financial exposure (the amount of funding investment or ATE insurance cover required).
  • How long it is likely to take to reach a settlement
  • The financial stability of the opponent
  • The robustness of the case.

Fixed Fees for Funding

A Third Party Litigation Funder will generally seek a percentage of the value of the claim. This amount will vary according to:

  • The amount being funded
  • The perceived risk
  • The length of time capital will be tied up for.

Costs can be from 100% of the total funding, but typically closer to twice/thrice the amount of total funding and sometimes higher.

For Claims Below £2m

Fixed Interest only third party litigation funding for claims sub £2m.

Fixed Interest on Drawn Amounts only:

  • 35% if concluded in Year 1
  • 65% in Year 2
  • 90% in Year 3

For Claims Upto £10m

Competitively priced third party litigation funding from £300k to £1m for claims up to c. £10m.

1% per month interest + 20% of net damages*. (*1% per month interest only on drawn amounts. Net damages are total monies received including costs recovered, less repayment of loan and loan interest)

For more information regarding Third Party Funding please contact Guardian Legal 0207 118 1884  or use our contact form.

Damages Based Agreements (DBA): what are they?

A Damages Based Agreement (DBA) is where the Third Party Litigation Funder (TPLF) seeks a percentage of the damages awarded. The TPLF would also charge an annualised interest rate on the amounts drawn down by the claimant to mitigate a protracted litigation process.

A DBA may be an attractive option, but it depends on costs / damages ratio and what a litigation funder is prepared to offer.

Alternatively, the funder and claimant might enter into an agreement whereby the TPLF will agree a flat percentage of the amount of funding drawn down.

CFA Funding and ATE

The remainder of the costs are covered by the Conditional Fee Agreement. Your client should also take out ATE insurance to protect against the possibility of a "security for costs" or an order to pay the defendant’s costs if the claim is unsuccessful. It is most probable that a third party funder will insist that ATE insurance is taken out to protect the claimant (and the funder) against the risk of incurring an adverse costs order.

The importance of seeking ATE insurance and Litigation Funding early in the process

Insurers and Funders prefer to consider cases as early as possible from the date of incident. You should be aware that:

  • Cases will generally become more expensive to insure as they get older, or when they reach a certain stage, e.g. post issue.
  • Many ATE insurers and litigation funders will not offer cover / funding on a claim later than three months before a trial date.

A robust and early application for cover will increase your chances of obtaining an offer of cover and funding.

Increasing your chances of securing ATE insurance and Litigation Funding

  • Use our guidance notes and application checklist to help you compile your application. The more information you provide at the outset, the better positioned insurers and funders will be to make an offer.
  • If information is absent and the case is finely balanced there is a possibility that a decision will be delayed pending further information. At worst, the application could be declined.
  • It is your obligation to make sure that all material facts are disclosed at the outset. Failure to do so could lead to withdrawal of funds or indemnity and avoidance of future insurance claims.

Access our Guidance Note on what we need from you to raise funding or an offer of ATE insurance

Contact us to have a preliminary discussion about Third Party Litigation Funding on 0207 118 1884 or email

Alternatively, download a proposal form today in conjunction with our guidance notes.


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Get in Touch

Guardian Legal Services Limited


0207 118 1884

56 Mill Lane
B93 8NW